四川动物  2017, Vol. 36 Issue (6): 697-701

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董赛红, 任国栋
DONG Saihong, REN Guodong
中国云南烁甲属分类研究及中国三新纪录种(鞘翅目:拟步甲科:烁甲族)
Taxonomy of the Genus Amarygmus Dalman, 1823 from Yunnan, China and Three New Record Species from China (Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae:Amarygmini)
四川动物, 2017, 36(6): 697-701
Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 2017, 36(6): 697-701
10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170208

文章历史

收稿日期: 2017-06-29
接受日期: 2017-08-11
中国云南烁甲属分类研究及中国三新纪录种(鞘翅目:拟步甲科:烁甲族)
董赛红 , 任国栋*     
河北大学生命科学学院, 河北省动物系统学与应用实验室, 河北保定 071002
摘要:研究了中国云南拟步甲科Tenebrionidae烁甲族Amarygmini烁甲属Amarygmus Dalman,1823,发现中国3新纪录种,越北烁甲A. tonkineus Pic,1922、丝角烁甲A. filicornis(Gravely,1915)和肿腿烁甲A. nodicornis(Gravely,1915),云南2新纪录种,艾多烁甲A. adonis(Pic,1922)和中国烁甲A. sinensis Pic,1922,提供了该属云南已知种检索表、地理分布。检视标本保存于河北大学博物馆。
关键词云南     烁甲属     分类     新纪录    
Taxonomy of the Genus Amarygmus Dalman, 1823 from Yunnan, China and Three New Record Species from China (Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae:Amarygmini)
DONG Saihong , REN Guodong *     
The Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Application, College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei Province 071002, China
Abstract: The genus Amarygmus Dalman, 1823 from Yunnan, China was studied in this paper. Three new record species from China, A. tonkineus Pic, 1922, A. filicornis (Gravely, 1915), and A. nodicornis (Gravely, 1915), and two new record species from Yunnan province, A. adonis (Pic, 1922) and A. sinensis Pic, 1922 were reported. The keys to species in Yunnan and geographical distribution were provided. Specimens are deposited in the Hebei University Museum.
Keywords: Yunnan     Amarygmus     taxonomy     new record    

Dalman(1823)依据模式种Chrysomela micans Fabricius,1794建立烁甲属Amarygmus,该属隶属于鞘翅目Coleoptera拟步甲科Tenebrionidae烁甲族Amarygmini,目前全世界已知900余种(Bremer & Lillig,2014),是烁甲族种类最多的属,其形态特征变化大,主要分布于东洋区、古北区东部、巴布亚、澳大利亚等太平洋岛屿地区。我国已知37种(包括本文新纪录3种),分布于云南、上海、浙江、福建、江西、广东、广西、海南、四川、台湾和香港。本文通过整理及鉴定采自中国云南的烁甲标本,发现中国3新纪录种,云南2新纪录种。编制了云南已知9种的分类检索表。

研究标本保存于河北大学博物馆。采用Bremer(2014)专业术语。

烁甲属Amarygmus Dalman,1823

Amarygmus Dalman,18231823,60 (Type species:Chrysomela micans Fabricius,1794). Gebien 1920,409-410;Bremer 2005b,201.

Dietysus Pascoe,18661866,486 (Type species:Dietysus confusus Pascoe,1866). Synonymised by Gebien 1920,410.

Elixota Pascoe,18661866,475 (Type species:Elixota cuprea Pascoe,1866). Synonymised by Bremer 2001a,65.

Eurypera Pascoe,18701870,106 (Type species:Eurypera cuprea Pascoe,1870). Synonymised by Blackburn, 1893, 53.

Aphyllocerus Fairmaire,18811881a,248;1881b,349 (Type species:Aphyllocerus decipiens Fairmaire,1881). Synonymised by Gebien 1920,410.

Anacycus Fairmaire,18961896,33 (Type species:Anacycus navicularis Fairmaire,1896). Synonymised to Elixota Pascoe,1866 by Blair:1929 ,245.

Platolenes Gebien,19131913a,420-421 (Type species:Platolenes rufipes Gebien,1913). Synonymi-sed by Bremer 2001a,69.

Pseudamarygmus Pic,19151915b,9 (Type species:Pseudamarygmus testaceipes Pic,1915). Synonymised by Bremer 2001a,67.

Apelina Saha,19881988,429-430 (Type species:Apelina keralaensis Saha,1988). Synonymised by Bremer 2014,3.

Plesiamarygmus Masumoto,19891989,314 (Type species:Dietysus ovoideus Fairmaire,1882). Synonymised by Bremer 2005b,205.

Pyanirygmus Pic,19151915b,9 (Type species:Pyanirygmus corinthius Pic,1915). Synonymised by Bremer 2005b,206-208.

Hyperamarygmus Kaszab,1964:291-292 (Type species:Hyperamarygmus antennalis Kaszab,1964). Synonymised by Bremer 2001a,70.

Oogeton Miwa,1939:412 (Type species:Oogeton makii Miwa,1939). Synonymised by Bremer 2005b,209.

Becvaramarygmus Masumoto,1999:369 (Type species:Dietysus nodicornis Gravely,1915). Synonymised by Bremer 2005b,209.

Podamarygmus Carter,1928:287 (Type species:Podamarygmus alternans Carter,1928). Synonymised by Bremer 2006,37.

Dryadigmus Bremer,2007:26 (Type species:Dryadigmus cechovskyi Bremer,2007). Synonymised by Bremer 2007,26.

Varogeton Bremer,2014:37 (Type species:Dietysus subannulipes Pic,1922). Synonymised by Bremer 2014,37.

属征:身体卵圆形,有些种类延长,体色多样;上颚端齿二裂状,外缘具沟;触角细长,6~10节略呈栉齿状;前足腿节近端部稍加粗,但缺齿及角状突起。

分布:东洋区、古北区东部、巴布亚、澳大利亚等太平洋岛屿地区。

中国云南烁甲属分种检索表:

1.体型中等(14.0~15.0 mm),黑色,鞘翅卵圆形,布明显深条纹……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2

体型小(6.0~9.0 mm),铜绿色,或有彩色光泽或黑色具有黄斑,鞘翅条纹浅………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3

2.触角第3到第6节端部明显加粗,前足胫节异形(图版Ⅰ:56)…………………………………………………………………………………………………肿腿烁甲A. nodicornis
触角第3到第6节端部不明显加粗,前足胫节正常……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………丝角烁甲A. filicornis

3.体长卵形,前胸背板横宽,宽是长的近2倍……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4

体卵圆形,前胸背板略方,宽是长的近1.5倍……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5

4.前胸背板宽,唇基向前凸出明显……粗点烁甲A. punctatus前胸背板窄,唇基不明显凸出……………………………………………………………………云南烁甲A. yunnanensis

5.体黑色,具有黄斑…………………………………………………………毛烁甲A. pilipes体铜绿至棕色,或有彩色斑纹………………………………………………………………6

6.鞘翅墨绿色,具有红绿彩色斑纹………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7

鞘翅整体墨绿色至棕色……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8

7.体长6.3~6.8 mm,鞘翅从中部向后圆缩,刻点行上刻点粗密,行间微隆……………………………………………………………………………………………艾多烁甲A. adonis
体长7.5~9.0 mm,鞘翅两侧近平行,刻点行上刻点细浅,行间扁平……………………………………………………………………………………………………光亮烁甲A. speciosus

8.体长6.1~7.1 mm,眼间距宽,大于复眼直径的1/2…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………越北烁甲A. tonkineus

体长7.6~8.2 mm,眼间距窄,小于复眼直径的1/4………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………中国烁甲A. sinensis

艾多烁甲Amarygmus adonis (Pic,1922),云南新纪录

Platolenes adonis Pic,19221922a,12;Kaszab 1980:180.

Amarygmus adonis (Pic,1922):Bremer 2001a,57;Bremer,2004:11.

检视标本:1ex.,云南景洪纳板河保护区纳板茶厂(森林,729 m),100.665 43°E,22.158 10°N,2009-V-16,孟令曾采。

分布:云南(景洪)、台湾,越南,老挝,泰国,尼泊尔。

毛烁甲Amarygmus pilipes (Gebien,1913)

Platolenes pilipes Gebien,19131913b,42;Kaszab,1980:180.

Amarygmus formosanus Pic,19151915a,21. Synonymized by Ardoin,1969:126.

Amarygmus longipillis Pic,19221922b,303. Synonymized by Bremer,2001b:84.

Amarygmus pilipes (Gebien,1913):Bremer,2001a:57;Bremer,2005a:20;I.Löbl & A. Smetana,2008:216.

检视标本:13ex.,云南沧源县班洪乡(1 130 m),2008-Ⅶ-16~18,徐吉山、郜振华采;1ex.,云南镇康县南伞镇(1 000 m),2008-Ⅶ-19~21,徐吉山、周勇采;3ex.,云南景洪大渡岗,2014-Ⅳ-28,邱见玥采;1ex.,云南景谷,2006-Ⅷ-5~6,毛本勇等采;1ex.,云南金平阿得博,2006-Ⅶ-23~24,毛本勇等采;1ex.,云南耿马县城(1 100 m),2008-Ⅶ-15,徐吉山、郜振华采。

分布:云南(沧源、镇康、景洪、景谷、金平、耿马)、江西、福建、台湾,越南,老挝,泰国,印度,缅甸,尼泊尔,马来西亚。

粗点烁甲Amarygmus punctatus (Pic,1922)

Anacycus punctatus Pic,19221922a:11.

Elixota punctate (Pic,1922):Gebien,1944:513.

Amarygmus punctatus (Pic,1922):Bremer,2001a:57;Bremer,2003:72;I.Löbl & A. Smetana,2008:216.

检视标本:3ex.,云南维西县塔城镇(2 012 m),2008-Ⅷ-7~9,徐吉山、郜振华采。

分布:云南(维西)、华南,老挝,泰国。

中国烁甲Amarygmus sinensis Pic, 1922, 云南新纪录

Amarygmus sinensis Pic,19221922a:11;Bremer,2004:33;I.Löbl & A. Smetana,2008:216.

检视标本:1ex.,云南绿春平河乡,2006-Ⅶ-26,毛本勇等采。

分布:云南(绿春)、浙江、福建。

光亮烁甲Amarygmus speciosus Dalman,1823

Amarygmuss peciosus Dalman,1823:61;Bremer,2003:81;I.Löbl & A. Smetana,2008:216.

检视标本:1ex.,N.Thailand,Doi Sang,1990-Ⅴ-10~13,M.ITÔ采。

分布:云南(德宏),老挝,泰国,印度,缅甸,尼泊尔。

越北烁甲Amarygmus tonkineus Pic, 1922, 中国新纪录(图版Ⅰ:1)

Amarygmus lacanus Pic,19241924:28;[syn.]:Bremer 2004:39-40.

检视标本:15ex.,云南金平阿得博,2006-Ⅶ-23~24,毛本勇等采。

分布:云南(金平),越南,老挝。

云南烁甲Amarygmus yunnanensis Bremer,2011

Amarygmus yunnanensis Bremer,20112011:17.

检视标本:未见。

分布:云南(西双版纳)。

丝角烁甲Amarygmus filicornis (Gravely,1915),中国新纪录(图版Ⅰ:2)

Dietysus filicornis Gravely,1915:532-553;ppl. XLIV,Fig. 14.

Amarygmus filicornis (Gravely,1915):Gebien 1944:503.

Dietysus atricolor Pic,19221922b,304.

Amarygmus atricolor (Pic,1922):Gebien 1944:502;[syn.]:Bremer 2005b:217.

检视标本:2ex.,云南金平十里村(草地,1 960 m),103.297 02°E,22.774 56°N,2006-Ⅻ-16,白天,梁宏斌等采。

分布:云南(金平),越南,印度。

肿腿烁甲Amarygmus nodicornis (Gravely,1915),中国新纪录(图版Ⅰ:3~7)

Dietysus nodicornis Gravely,1915:533-534,pl. XLIV,Fig. 15.

Amarygmus nodicornis (Gravely,1915):Gebien 1944:504.

Dietysus vitalisi Pic,19221922b:305.

Becvaramarygmus atricolor (Pic,1922):Masumoto 1999:369.

Amarygmus vitalisi (Pic,1922):Gebien 1944:505;[syn.]:Bremer 2005b:214.

Amarygmus (Becvaramarygmus) nodicornis (Gravely,1915);[stat. n.]:Bremer 2005b:214.

检视标本:2ex.,云南勐腊望天树,2006-Ⅳ,朱笑愚采;1ex.,云南西双版纳勐仑,2014-Ⅹ,朱笑愚采。

分布:云南(西双版纳勐仑),老挝,印度。

该种主要鉴别特征是:雄性前足胫节膨大,且内侧深凹,触角2~6节端部明显粗圆。日本学者Masumoto(1999)根据保存于法国自然历史博物馆的模式标本Dietysus atricolor Pic,1922建立属,仅记录1种,德国学者Bremer(2005b)将其降为亚属。

图版Ⅰ 烁甲属中国三新纪录种 PlateⅠ Three new record species of the genus Amarygmus Dalman, 1823 from China 1.越北烁甲Amarygmus tonkineus Pic,1922;2.丝角烁甲Amarygmus filicornis (Gravely,1915);3.肿腿烁甲Amarygmus nodicornis (Gravely,1915) ;4.肿腿烁甲Amarygmus nodicornis (Gravely,1915) ♀;5~7.肿腿烁甲Amarygmus nodicornis (Gravely,1915),5.前足背面观foreleg in dorsal view,6.前足腹面观foreleg in ventral view,7.触角antenna.
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