2. 乌克兰国家科学院进化生态研究所, 基辅 03022
2. Institute for Evolutionary Ecology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv 03022, Ukraine
Liosarcophaga was established by Enderiein(1928), and with Cynomya madeirensis as the type species designated by Schiner(1868). Pape(1996) listed 8 synonym of this genus, such as Curranea Rohdendorf, 1937. There are 81 species all over the world, and among of which, 22 are distributed in China. Lehrer(2008) recorded one species of this genus in Thailand, named Curranea isaurae. This species is closely related to Parasarcophaga (Curranea) yunnanensis(Fan, 1964 ), but differs from the latter by distiphallus. He also pointed out that Parasarcophaga (Curranea) kalimpongensis(Nandi, 1979 )was synonym of Parasarcophaga (Curranea) yunnanensis(Fan, 1964 ). This paper studied the original drawing of Parasarcophaga (Curranea) yunnanensis(Fan, 1964 ). We found that Fan(1964) described the species and drew the figures according to the only one dry specimen which had a dry phallus. In fact, the apical part of lateral processes of juxta was ossific and hook-like, the same as Parasarcophaga (Curranea) kalimpongensis(Nandi, 1979 ).Material and Methods
Such abbreviations used for morphological features: acr, acrostichal setae; ad, anterodorsal setae; av, anteroventral setae; bas, basal setae; C, costal vein; dc, dorsocentral setae; f, femora; fr, frontal setae; ial, intra-alar setae; ivt, inner vertical setae; kepst, katepisternal setae; lm, lateromarginal setae; M, medial vein; marg, marginal setae; mm, mediomarginal setae; npl, notopleural setae; oc, ocellar setae; ovt, outer vertical setae; p, posterior setae; pd, posterodorsal setae; ph, posthumeral setae; pn, postpronotal setae; poc, postocellar setae; pocl, postocular setae; pra, prealar setae; pv, posteroventral setae; R1, 1st radial vein; R4+5, branch of radial vein; r4+5, 4th+5th radial cell; subap, subapical setae; t, tibia.
Other abbreviations are: coll., collector; Fig., figure; IEAS, Institute of Entomology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai, China; IESNU, Institute of Entomology, Shenyang Normal University, China; Mt., mountain; NCZC, National Collection of Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India; TAU, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; ZIN, Zoological Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russia.Liosarcophaga(s. str.)fimbricauda Xue et Verves, n. sp.(Figs. 1: A~D )
Holotype male: Body length 11.8 mm.
Head: Black, with silver-gray pollinosity. Eye bare; frons about 1/5 of head in width; frontal vitta black, about 2.5× as wide as fronto-orbital plate; oc about 1.5× longer as width of fronto-orbital plate; fr 9-10, ivt about 2.0× as long as ovt; fronto-orbital plate, parafacial and gena with silvery pruinosity, parafacial 2.0× as wide as postpedicel, with vertical row of setae; antenna black, postpedicel about 2.5× as long as pedicel, arista plumose in basal 3/5, the longest hairs slightly longer than the width of postpedicel; frontal angle not projecting in profile, vibrissal angle situated behind it; facial ridge setose in the lower 3/5; gena about 1/5~2/9 of eye height, covered with black hairs, postgena with yellowish setae; 3 regular rows of pocl; palpus blackish brown; prementum black, 2.5× as long as broad; labellum 0.8× as long as prementum.
Thorax: Black in ground color, with light gray pruinosity; scutum with three black longitudinal vittae, the median one reaching to apex of scutellum; acr 0+1, dc 2-3+4-5, ial 0+2, pra as long as posterior npl; notopleuron, lateral and ventral surfaces of scutellum, basisternum of prosternum black haired; middle hollow of proepisternum bare; kepst 1+1+1; scutellum with a pairs of bas and subap.
Wing: Hyaline; veins brown, basicosta yellow; costal spine as long as the diameter of C; 5th section of C about 3/4× of length of its 3rd section; R1 bare; radial node and first section of R4+5 with black hairs; r4+5 open; both calypters white, with yellowish margin borders; halter dark brown.
Legs: Wholly black; fore t with 3 ad in basal half, and one submedial pv; mid f with a complete rows of short av and a in basal half, and many rows of long tassel-like pv; mid t with a single submedial av, ad, p, and 3-5 pd; hind f with a rows of comb-like av, and long tassel-like pv; hind t with 5 ad, rows of long tassel-like av and pv, and 2 pd; all tarsi as long as tibiae, all claws and pulvilli longer than 5th tarsomere.
Abdomen: Black in ground color, with gray pruinosity, longely oviformed; sutfaces of all tergites with chessboard-like patches; 3rd tergite without mm and with lm; 4th tergite with a pairs of mm and lm; 5th tergite with a complete row of strong elongate marg.
Postabdomen: Epandrium shining black; each of arms Y-shaped 5th sternite with several apical long hairs, irregular row of strong elongate marg and numerous short cilia behing triangular basal opening(Fig. 1: A ); cercus in profile narrow, almost straight, slightly curved ventrally, covered with very long hairs, without spines; surstylus shortened, triangled(Fig. 1: B ); cerci in dorsal view very narrow, clearly divergent in apical half(Fig. 1: C ); pregonite and posgonite almost equal in length, hook-liked; basiphallus about 2.0× as long as high, with short hook-shaped epiphallus; vesica protruded, with straight apical protuberance; ventral process of paraphallus widened and beak-shaped; lateral stylus distinctly longer than juxta, stock-formed; juxta shortened, triangular basally, with entirely straight, narrow and bilobed apically elongate lateral arms(Fig. 1: D ).
Type material.Holotype: Mt. Meili, Yunnan province, China, 2 600~2 700 m, 27 May 2012, Xiang Zhang coll., ♂(IESNU).
Paratype: Same data as holotype, 3 ♂♂(IESNU).
Remarks: This new species is similar to Liosarcophaga dux(Thompson, 1869)by construction of male genitalia, but well differs by distinctly narrower cercus, widened beak-shaped ventral process of paraphallus and entirely straight juxtal lateral arms.
Etymology: The species name is derived from the Latin words “fimbria” meaning tassel-like hairs, and “cauda” meaning tail, refering to the segmacoria behind tergite 5 densely with long tassel-like hairs.
Distribution: Mt. Meili, Yunnan province, China.Liosarcophaga(s. str.)yunnanensis(Fan, 1964 ), n. comb.(Fig. 2: A~D )
Parasarcophaga(Curranea)yunnanensis Fan, 1964:308-309 , figs 7~8, ♂ . Holotype: Shishong-Baanna, Men-ah, Yunnan, China, ♂(IEAS).
Parasa rcophaga(Curranea) yunnanensis: Fan, 1965 : 276, ♂(redescription & faunistic); Fan, 1992: 708-709 , fig 1332, ♂ ♀(in key); Kurahashi & Chaiwong, 2013: 90 , ♂(in key), 99(ecology & faunistic); Nandi, 2002: 292 (in key), 299-301, figs 518~519, ♂(morphology, habits, faunistic).
Parasarcophaga(Liosarcophaga)yunnanensis Lopes et al., 1977: 570 Lopes et al., 1977: 570(catalogue).
Pandelleisca yunnanensis: Fan & Pape, 1996: 252 (faunistic).
Sarcophaga(Pandelleisca)yunnanensis: Pape, 1996: 373 (catalogue).
Sarcophaga(Parasarcophaga)yunnanensis: Shinonaga & Thinh, 2003: 332 (faunistic).
Parasa rcophaga(Curranea)kalimpongensis Nandi, 1979: 457 , ♂, n. syn. Holotype: male: India, West Bengal, Darjeeling, Kalimpong, ♂(NCZC).
Parasarcophaga(Liosarcophaga)kalimpongensis:Verves, 1988 : 18 (faunistic).
Liosarcophaga(Curranea)kalimpongensis: Verves, 2001 : 241 (faunistic).
Sarcophaga(Liosarcophaga)kalimpongensis: Pape, 1996 : 353 (catalogue).
Curranea isaurae Lehrer, 2008: 12-13 , figs 3, A~D, ♂, n. syn. Holotype: male: Thailand, Chiang Mai prov., 675 m, Doi Inthanon NP, Vatchirathan Waterfall, 18°32.46′N, 98°35.92′E, Han Yarom coll.(TAU).
Material examined： Nonggang, Longzhou county, Guangxi, China, 300~450 m, 1 & 10 May 2011, Chuntian Zhang & Chao Fu coll., 2 ♂(IESNU).
Remarks： There are not any essential differences between original descriptions and drawings of male genitalia of Parasarcophaga(Curranea)kalimpongensis Nandi, 1979 , Curranea isaurae Lehrer, 2008 and Parasarcophaga(Curranea)yunnanensis Fan, 1964 ; thus, we interpret P. kalimpongensis Nandi, 1979 and C. isaurae Lehrer, 2008 as the new synonyms of Liosarcophaga(s. str.)yunnanensis (Fan, 1964 ).
Distribution： Oriental: China: Guangxi(firstly recorded), Yunnan(Fan, 1964 , 1992 ; Fan & Pape, 1996 ); India: Sikkim(Nandi & Ray, 1982 ), Tamil Nadu(Verves, 1988 ), west Bengal(Nandi, 1979 ); Malaysia: Pahang(Kurahashi & Tan, 2009 ); Nepal(Pape, 1996 ); Pakistan(Sugiyama, 1988 ); Thailand: Chantha Buri, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang(Bänzinger & Pape, 2004 ; Lehrer, 2008 ； Chaiwong et al., 2009 ; Kurahashi & Chaiwong, 2013 ); Vietnam: Ha Tay, Ninh Binh, Son La, Thua Thien Hue(Verves, 1980 ； Thinh, 1988 ; Kano et al., 1999 ; Shinonaga & Thinh, 2003 ).
Habits： Adult flies have been collected at altitudes from 60 m(Kurahashi & Tan, 2009 )to 1 000 m a.s.l.(Kurahashi & Chaiwong, 2013 )and prefer bushes near human excrement(Nandi, 2002 ); known as pollinators of Sapria ram (Rafflesiaceae)(Bänzinger & Pape, 2004 ; Pape & Bänzinger, 2000 ).Acknowledgements: Special thanks to Chuntian Zhang, Shuchong Bai, Chao Fu and Xiang Zhang for providing the examined materials.