﻿ 潜用抛弃式有线浮标及其关键技术
 舰船科学技术  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (2): 137-140 PDF

Submarine wired disposable buoy and key techniques
LIU Rui-hai, XU Wen-tao, ZHANG Liang
China Ship Development and Design Center, Wuhan 430064, China
Abstract: Submarine wired disposable buoy (SWDB) could be deployed to the surface to receive information by submerged submarine. In this paper, the function and components of SWDB are introduced; the key techniques and solution considerations are also presented.
Key words: wired disposable buoy     submarine     technique

1 浮标功能及组成

 图 1 有线浮标系统组成示意图 Fig. 1 SWDB system simplified diagram
2 关键技术及其解决思路 2.1 有线浮标总体设计技术

2.2 导线动态安全释放技术

2.3 有线浮标发射适配技术

2.4 浮标离管安全控制技术

 图 2 浮标出管运动示意图 Fig. 2 SWDB initial mechanical analysis of launching
 $\left\{ \begin{array}{l} x = l\cos \theta+r\sin \theta\text{，} \\ y = l\sin \theta - r\cos \theta \text{。} \end{array} \right.$ (1)

 $\left\{ \begin{array}{l} {F_l} = ({F_y}+mg)(\sin \theta - r'\cos \theta )+({F_x}+P)(\cos \theta+r'\sin \theta )\text{，}\\[5pt] {F_\theta } = ({F_v}+mg)(l\cos \theta - r\sin \theta )+({F_x}+P)(r\cos \theta - l\sin \theta )\text{。} \end{array} \right.$ (2)

 $\frac{\rm d}{{{\rm d}t}}\left[ {\frac{{\partial T}}{{\partial q}}} \right] - \frac{{\partial T}}{{\partial q}} = {F_q}\text{。}$ (3)

 $\left\{ \begin{array}{l} \frac{\rm d}{{{\rm d}t}}\left[ {(1+{{r'}^2})\frac{{{\rm d}l}}{{{\rm d}t}}+(r - r'l)\frac{{{\rm d}\theta }}{{{\rm d}t}}} \right] - (l+rr'){\left[ {\frac{{{\rm d}\theta }}{{{\rm d}t}}} \right]^2} = \frac{{{F_l}}}{m}\text{，}\\[5pt] \frac{\rm d}{{{\rm d}t}}\left[ {({l^2}+{r^2}+{k^2})\frac{{{\rm d}\theta }}{{{\rm d}t}}+(r - r'l)\frac{{{\rm d}l}}{{{\rm d}t}}} \right] = \frac{{{F_\theta }}}{m}\text{。} \end{array} \right.$ (4)

 $\left\{ \begin{array}{l} {\rm d}l/{\rm d}t = {v_l}\text{，}\\ {\rm d}\theta /{\rm d}t = \omega \text{。} \end{array} \right.$ (5)

2.5 浮标在海面的姿态稳定技术

3 国外应用情况

21 世纪初，英美两国又联合开展了潜用可回收光纤系留浮标系统（RTOF）的研制。该系统的系留浮标体相对较大，尾部带有一根光缆与绞车装置连接。浮标体从装在潜艇上的存储舱中放出后，靠自身浮力漂浮至水面，同时潜艇上的绞车装置不断释放光缆使其几乎不受拉力。该浮标体可搭载通信、导航、侦察等功能部件，浮标体到达水面后漂浮在海面执行相应任务，而潜艇继续根据航行速度不断布放光缆以避免产生大的拉力，保持浮标体在海面的位置基本不变；在任务完成后，绞车反转，拖动浮标体收回到潜艇。

4 结 语

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