﻿ 基于超网络的装备保障信息化模型构建及分析
 舰船科学技术  2016, Vol. 38 Issue (8): 124-127 PDF

The model construction and analysis based-on supernetwork of equipment support informatization
YANG Jian-kang, LI Hong-ling, SHANG Shi-feng, YANG Xin-wang
Department of Information Engineering, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China
Abstract: Equipment support informatization is made up of information, technology, materials, equipment and humen. Build up a complex system of equipment support informatization to show the clear relation between each element. Make use of the thesis of supernetwork to analyze and construct equipment study, equipment utility, and equipment maintenance subnetwork, each sub-network describe the relationship about humen, technology and equipment for each phases. Based on the three sub-network, we build a equipment support informatization network that cover the cycle of equipment developement, using, maintainence, and we could depict the relations between human, weapon, and combination of them, and provide ideas of supernetwork for system dynamics research of equipment support informatization.
Key words: equipment support     informatization     supernetwork     model
0 引言

1 装备保障信息化及其特点

1）复杂性

2）动态演化

2 超网络理论及其研究特点

Sheffi 最早提出了超网络的概念，并将其用于运输系统。随后，美国科学家 Nagurney 使超网络的概念得以明确。Nagurney 等所研究的超网络可用来描述网络与网络之间的相互作用与影响，它可以借助优化理论、变分不等式等数学工具对网络中的变量进行定量的计算分析。

3 装备保障信息化的超网络模型

3.1 装备研制子网络

 图 1 装备研制子网络 Fig. 1 Equipment development sub-network

 ${{G}_{D}}=(D{{E}_{d-d}})\circ$

3.2 装备使用子网络

 图 2 装备使用子网络 Fig. 2 Equipment using sub-network

 ${{G}_{U}}=(U,{{E}_{u-u}})$

 $Son({{u}_{i}})=\left\{ ({{u}_{m}})\left| \theta ({{u}_{i}},{{u}_{m}})=1,{{u}_{m}}\in U \right. \right\}\circ$

 $Sub({{u}_{i}})=\left\{ ({{u}_{l}})\left| \theta ({{u}_{i}},{{u}_{m}})=1,{{u}_{l}}\in U \right. \right\}\circ$
3.3 装备维修子网络

 图 3 装备维修子网络 Fig. 3 Equipment maintainence sub-network

 ${{G}_{R}}=(R,{{E}_{r-r}})\circ$

 $\phi ({{r}_{i}},{{r}_{j}})=\left\{ \begin{matrix} 1,\text{表示}{{r}_{i}}\text{和}{{r}_{j}}\text{之间具有信息的交互,} \\ 0,\text{表示}{{r}_{i}}\text{和}{{r}_{j}}\text{之间没有信息的交互}\circ \\ \end{matrix} \right.$
3.4 基于超网络的装备保障信息化模型构建

 图 4 基于超网络的装备保障信息化模型 Fig. 4 Superwork-based model of equipment support informazation

1）装备维修网络到装备使用网络的映射：表示维修方对使用方提供装备维修支援，表达式如下：

 $R({{r}_{i}})=\left\{ {{u}_{j}}\left| {{u}_{j}}\in U,\delta ({{r}_{i}},{{u}_{j}})=1 \right. \right\}\circ$

2）装备研制网络到装备使用网络的映射：负责装备研制的院所、企业可以对装备使用单位提供装备操作使用及日常维护保养的守则，表达式如下：

 $D({{d}_{i}})=\left\{ {{u}_{j}}\left| {{u}_{j}}\in U,\theta ({{d}_{i}},{{u}_{j}})=1 \right. \right\}\circ$

3）装备研制网络到装备维修网络的映射：装备研制单位可以向哪些装备维修单位提供维修技术上的支持，表达式如下：

 $D({{d}_{i}})=\left\{ {{r}_{j}}\left| {{r}_{j}}\in R,\gamma ({{d}_{i}},{{r}_{j}})=1 \right. \right\}\circ$

3.5 模型分析

4 结语

 [1] 张福光, 崔旭涛, 洪亮, 等. 基于主成分分析法的军械保障信息化评估方法[J]. 舰船科学技术 , 2011, 33 (7) :130–134. ZHANG Fu-guang, CUI Xu-tao, HONG Liang, et al. Ordnance support information-based evaluation based on main ingredient analysis method[J]. Ship Science and Technology , 2011, 33 (7) :130–134. [2] 姜巍巍, 马绍力, 徐定海, 等. 基于IETM的舰船装备维修保障信息的收集要求[J]. 舰船科学技术 , 2010, 32 (4) :98–101. JIANG Wei-wei, MA Shao-li, XU Ding-hai, et al. The collecting requirements of information for maintenance and support warship equipments based on IETM[J]. Ship Science and Technology , 2010, 32 (4) :98–101. [3] 毕海玲, 贺宇, 董坤. 关于装备保障信息化建设标准化的思考[J]. 中国管理信息化 , 2011, 14 (12) :46–47. [4] 张晓康, 贾红丽, 赵苏. 装备保障信息化评价指标体系的构建与分析[J]. 物流科技 , 2006, 29 (12) :81–83. ZHANG Xiao-kang, JIA Hong-li, ZHAO Su. Evaluation index system research on the equipment support informationization[J]. Logistics Sci-tech , 2006, 29 (12) :81–83. [5] 袁筱刚, 荆强, 张振忠. 关于加快我军装备保障信息化建设的几点思考[J]. 国防技术基础 , 2005 (1) :35–36. YUAN Xiao-gang, JING Qiang, ZHANG Zhen-zhong. Thought of construction of the informationization of the equipment support for PLA[J]. Technology Foundation of National Defence , 2005 (1) :35–36. [6] 安令雷, 柏彦奇, 王苏钢. 装备保障信息化建设存在的问题及对策[J]. 物流科技 , 2007, 30 (3) :57–58. [7] 杨学强, 黄俊. 装备保障信息化建设概论[M]. 北京: 国防工业出版社, 2011 : 3 -10. [8] 葛涛, 张玉柱. 加快装备保障信息化建设的几点思考[J]. 装备指挥技术学院学报 , 2005, 16 (1) :36–39. GE Tao, ZHANG Yu-zhu. Thoughts of informative construction to quicken equipment support[J]. Journal of Institute of Command and Technology , 2005, 16 (1) :36–39. [9] 王永德. 装备保障信息化建设浅析[J]. 舰船电子工程 , 2010, 30 (8) :148–151. WANG Yong-de. Research on the construction of equipment support informationization[J]. Ship Electronic Engineering , 2010, 30 (8) :148–151. [10] 夏良华, 龚传信. 装备保障动态任务柔性调度策略研究[J]. 计算机应用与软件 , 2005, 22 (1) :64–65. XIA Liang-hua, GONG Chuan-xin. A study of flexible scheduling policy for equipment support dynamic task[J]. Computer Applications and Software , 2005, 22 (1) :64–65. [11] 王众托. 关于超网络的一点思考[J]. 上海理工大学学报 , 2011, 33 (3) :229–237. WANG Zhong-tuo. Reflection on supernetwork[J]. Journal of University of Shanghai for Science and Technology , 2011, 33 (3) :229–237. [12] 胡枫. 复杂超网络的结构、建模及应用研究[D]. 西安: 陕西师范大学, 2014. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/article/cdmd-10718-1014402547.htm